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How to Avoid the Red-Eye Effect in Photos

To better avoid red-eye it best to understand how it occurs. The red-eye effect occurs when a flash is used too close to the camera in ambient low light. This due to light from the flash reflecting off the back of the retina.

There are two focuses to this set of instructions. The first is camera and the second is the subject.

  1. Firstly, a flash needs to be set up a way from the camera. So, get hold of a flash gun or detachable flash. This can be attached to most 35 millimetre cameras through a small socket.
  2. On manual cameras the speed of the shutter should be set to a 60th of a second. This is done by using the shutter speed dial. This is most commonly found on the top-left corner of the camera.
  3. Attach the flash gun to the camera; it should be positioned several feet to either side of the camera. As well a being slightly above the subject.
  4. Set the automatic flash mode on the camera.

The camera is now set up in a manner that will decrease the chance of an occurrence of red-eye.


  1. Now we need to decrease the size of subject’s pupils. This is done by adding more light to the area. This most easily done by turning on the lights in a room.
  2. It best if the subject is not facing directly at the camera, but rather to look to the side of the camera. In the case when the subject is a young child or animal. It is best to use a distraction to keep their focus a way from the camera when taking the photo.

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